The goal of statnipokladna is to provide programmatic access to open data from the Státní pokladna system. Státní pokladna is a comprehensive budgeting, reporting and accounting system for Czech public organisations. This package provides user-friendly ways to access the open data from that system available at https://monitor.statnipokladna.cz. The vignettes in the package also provide an introduction to the underlying data.

Installation

You can install the released version from CRAN:

install.packages("statnipokladna")

You can install the current development release of statnipokladna from GitHub with:

remotes::install_github("petrbouchal/statnipokladna",
                        build_vignettes = TRUE,
                        ref = github_release())

or the latest in-development version with

remotes::install_github("petrbouchal/statnipokladna",
                         build_vignettes = TRUE)

I also keep binaries in a drat repo, which you can access by

install.packages("statnipokladna", repos = "https://petrbouchal.xyz/drat")

Bug reports

Please report bugs at https://github.com/petrbouchal/statnipokladna/issues.

What this package enables you to do:

  • get cleaned-up, ready to analyse data frames based on open data dumps from the public finance database
    • the package draws on the online data and returns a clean data frame
    • the resulting data is ready to merge into time series
    • time series is built based on user input
  • do this through a consistent API which supplements some of the documentation that is missing from the official endpoints (still subject to some change)
  • access registers published alongside the data (e.g. lists of public organisations with their identifiers and metadata), some of which can be useful in other contexts
  • augment the core data with the desired type of register

See the Get started vignette for background on the underlying data.

See also Background information below.

How does this compare to the official analytical interface?

  • no limit on the number of data points
  • no limits on the number of organisations, unlike the official interface which forces you to use a filter on some tables
  • different reports (local gov, central gov…) in one place in consistent form
  • much faster for analysis (the current version of the online interface takes long to render)
  • reproducible!!! While the online interface provides a permanent link to your analysis, this must be copied manually and does not necessarily provide an easily legible overview of how the analysis was produced (filters, columns etc.)
  • no need for the web => excel => R dance
  • drawback: for some reports, the data is published in different forms for different time periods (pre- and post-2015)
  • drawback: consolidation must be done manually

Future development

the official system has been partially overhauled in February 2020 and I am trying to find out about which parts of its new API will remain stable and can be used externally. Depending on the result, some functionality in this package can be streamlined and some can be added - e.g. 

  • listing of available releases
  • checking against existing releases and data sets
  • retrieving some previously unpublished data e.g. calculated indicators and budget responsibility monitoring

Getting started

Get data from a particular part (file) of a dataset (“výkaz”):

local_budgets <- sp_get_table(table_id = "budget-local", # table ID, see `sp_tables`
                           year = 2019,
                           month = 9)
#> ℹ Files already in ~/sp_data/finm/2019/09, not downloading. Set `redownload = TRUE` if needed.
#> ℹ Reading data...
#> ℹ Transforming data...
#> Warning: Problem with `mutate()` input `vykaz_date`.
#> ℹ All formats failed to parse. No formats found.
#> ℹ Input `vykaz_date` is `(function (..., quiet = FALSE, tz = NULL, locale = Sys.getlocale("LC_TIME"), ...`.
#> Warning: All formats failed to parse. No formats found.

The data is automatically downloaded to a temp directory, so it will be reused by future calls to sp_get_table() made in the same session, unless you set force_redownload = TRUE. You set the dest_dir parameter e.g. to ".", a directory will be created in your current working directory and the data will be downloaded into it so that it can persist across sessions.

It is a rather raw-looking data frame…

head(local_budgets)
#> # A tibble: 6 x 15
#>   vykaz vtab  vykaz_year vykaz_month ucjed ico   kraj  nuts  polozka_typ
#>   <chr> <chr> <chr>      <chr>       <chr> <chr> <chr> <chr> <chr>      
#> 1 051   0002… 2019       09          1000… 7508… CZ03  CZ03  3          
#> 2 051   0002… 2019       09          1000… 7508… CZ03  CZ03  3          
#> 3 051   0001… 2019       09          1000… 0006… CZ010 CZ01… 2          
#> 4 051   0001… 2019       09          1000… 0006… CZ010 CZ01… 2          
#> 5 051   0001… 2019       09          1000… 0006… CZ010 CZ01… 2          
#> 6 051   0001… 2019       09          1000… 0006… CZ010 CZ01… 2          
#> # … with 6 more variables: paragraf <chr>, polozka <chr>, budget_adopted <dbl>,
#> #   budget_amended <dbl>, budget_spending <dbl>, vykaz_date <date>

but it has been cleaned up, and can be enriched with any of the metadata codelists:

functional_categories <- sp_get_codelist("paragraf")
#> ℹ Codelist file already in '~/sp_data/', not downloading. Set `redownload = TRUE` if needed.
#> ℹ Processing codelist data
functional_categories
#> # A tibble: 570 x 8
#>    paragraf start_date end_date   nazev    skupina   oddil  pododdil   poznamka 
#>    <chr>    <date>     <date>     <chr>    <chr>     <chr>  <chr>      <chr>    
#>  1 0000     2010-01-01 9999-12-31 Pro pří… Příjmy    Příjmy Příjmy     Pro příj…
#>  2 1011     2010-01-01 9999-12-31 Udržová… Zeměděls… Zeměd… Zemědělsk… Zeměděls…
#>  3 1012     2010-01-01 9999-12-31 Podniká… Zeměděls… Zeměd… Zemědělsk… Podnikán…
#>  4 1013     2010-01-01 9999-12-31 Genetic… Zeměděls… Zeměd… Zemědělsk… Genetick…
#>  5 1014     2010-01-01 9999-12-31 Ozdravo… Zeměděls… Zeměd… Zemědělsk… Ozdrav.h…
#>  6 1019     2010-01-01 9999-12-31 Ostatní… Zeměděls… Zeměd… Zemědělsk… Ostatní …
#>  7 1021     2010-01-01 9999-12-31 Organiz… Zeměděls… Zeměd… Regulace … Regulace…
#>  8 1022     2010-01-01 9999-12-31 Organiz… Zeměděls… Zeměd… Regulace … Org. trh…
#>  9 1023     2010-01-01 9999-12-31 Organiz… Zeměděls… Zeměd… Regulace … Organiza…
#> 10 1024     2010-01-01 9999-12-31 Organiz… Zeměděls… Zeměd… Regulace … Reg.trhu…
#> # … with 560 more rows

This contains all codes for this codelist, some of which are not valid for the time period of our core data. The function add_codelist() resolves this automatically.

As you can see below, you can

  • add multiple codelists in one pipe
  • add a codelist without downloading it first - just pass its ID to the function as a character instead of an object.

Codelists are also cached, but you have one in your namespace, you can pass it as an object, provided that it has the right columns.

local_budgets %>% 
  sp_add_codelist(functional_categories) %>% 
  sp_add_codelist("polozka")
#> ℹ Codelist file already in '~/sp_data/', not downloading. Set `redownload = TRUE` if needed.
#> ℹ Processing codelist data
#> ℹ Joining on 2 columns: polozka, poznamka.
#>   This may indicate a problem with the data.
#>   Set by if needed.
#> # A tibble: 1,189,627 x 34
#>    vykaz vtab  vykaz_year vykaz_month ucjed ico   kraj  nuts  polozka_typ
#>    <chr> <chr> <chr>      <chr>       <chr> <chr> <chr> <chr> <chr>      
#>  1 051   0002… 2019       09          1000… 7508… CZ03  CZ03  3          
#>  2 051   0002… 2019       09          1000… 7508… CZ03  CZ03  3          
#>  3 051   0001… 2019       09          1000… 0006… CZ010 CZ01… 2          
#>  4 051   0001… 2019       09          1000… 0006… CZ010 CZ01… 2          
#>  5 051   0001… 2019       09          1000… 0006… CZ010 CZ01… 2          
#>  6 051   0001… 2019       09          1000… 0006… CZ010 CZ01… 2          
#>  7 051   0001… 2019       09          1000… 0006… CZ010 CZ01… 2          
#>  8 051   0001… 2019       09          1000… 0006… CZ010 CZ01… 2          
#>  9 051   0001… 2019       09          1000… 0006… CZ010 CZ01… 2          
#> 10 051   0001… 2019       09          1000… 0006… CZ010 CZ01… 2          
#> # … with 1,189,617 more rows, and 25 more variables: paragraf <chr>,
#> #   polozka <chr>, budget_adopted <dbl>, budget_amended <dbl>,
#> #   budget_spending <dbl>, vykaz_date <date>,
#> #   functional_categories_start_date <date>,
#> #   functional_categories_end_date <date>, functional_categories_nazev <chr>,
#> #   skupina <chr>, oddil <chr>, pododdil <chr>, poznamka <chr>,
#> #   polozka_id <chr>, polozka_start_date <date>, polozka_end_date <date>,
#> #   polozka_nazev <chr>, druh <chr>, trida <chr>, seskupeni <chr>,
#> #   podseskupeni <chr>, kon_pol <lgl>, kon_okr <lgl>, kon_kraj <lgl>,
#> #   kon_rep <lgl>

Download a whole “výkaz” (dataset/data dump):

sp_get_dataset("finm", year = 2019) # dataset ID, see `sp_datasets`
#> Warning: month not set. Using default of 12.
#> • Set period parameters explicitly for reproducibility.
#> ℹ Files already in ~/sp_data/finm/2019/12, not downloading. Set `redownload = TRUE` if needed.

This will put the files in a temp directory.

Then look at its documentation:

statnipokladna::sp_get_dataset_doc("finm")
#> ℹ Getting dataset documentation from http://monitor.statnipokladna.cz/data/struktura/finm.xlsx
#> ℹ File downloaded to '~/sp_data/finm.xlsx'.

You can get details of all the available tables in the sp_tables data frame; for datasets, see sp_datasets.

Workflows and reproducibility

The above examples present a simple all-in-one workflow, which is concise but can be too opaque when transparency and reproducibility matter. It is primarity aimed at workflows which prioritise updating data: every time the script is run, data is redownloaded, unless cached via the dest_dir parameter.

In other situations, the priority might be to keep track of individual source files as they are downloaded from the data provider, or checking for changes at the data provider and keeping track of individual URLs from which the data was downloaded. For these situations, a workflow composed of lower-level functions is available, offering finer control of the steps. See the workflow vignette (vignette("workflow", package = "statnipokladna")).

Background information

Note that while the package provides a bridge from complicated data dumps to a clean data structure, you still need quite a bit of domain knowledge to be able analyse the data safely.

See the “How the data works” vignette (in Czech only, the terminology is impossible to translate) for an overview of the structure of the data on which this package draws. This also contains some notes useful for interpreting the data.

A subset of this information is in the Get started vignette.

There is also a log of various data gotchas I discovered, also in Czech only, stored in the data issues vignette.

A basic glossary of some of the terms used in the data sets is at http://monitor.statnipokladna.cz/metodika/.

Note

Not created or endorsed by the Czech Ministry of Finance, who produce the data - but they definitely deserve credit for releasing the data and maintaining the application.

See also

R Packages

  • CzechData by @JanCaha for (mainly) geospatial data about the Czech Republic (both admin. boundaries and topology and geography)
  • RCzechia for another approach to Czech geospatial data and access to the official public geocoder and reverse geocoder
  • czso for access to Czech statistical open data
  • eurostat for access to Eurostat data
  • OECD for access to OECD data, incl. a large amount of financial and economic data

Other Czech public data

  • National Open Data Catalogue
  • KNOD by Ondřej Kokeš for an overview of public data
  • Hlídač státu by @michalblaha for easy (web and API) access to a large suite of transparency-focused datasets and their integration (public disclosures of contracts, tenders, political contributions…)
  • CEDR for a database of public subsidies, incl. to public bodies

Acknowledgments

Thanks to @smallhillcz and the Státní pokladna/Monitor developers and maintainers for responding to queries and generally keeping the thing running.

Contributing

See CONTRIBUTING.md for a guide on how to contribute to the project.

Please note that the ‘statnipokladna’ project is released with a Contributor Code of Conduct. By contributing to this project, you agree to abide by its terms.